Author: Gwagnin Aleksander , 1538 - 1614
Title: Sarmatiae Europeae descriptio, quae Regnum Poloniae, Lituaniam, Samogitiam, Russiam, Masoviam, Prussiam, Pomeraniam, Livoniam, & Moschoviae, Tartariae partem complectitur.
Title in English: Description of European Sarmatia, Which Encompassed the Kingdom of Poland, Lithuania, Samogitia, Russia, Masovia, Prussia, Pomerania, Livonia, Muscovy, and Partly the Tartars.
Published: Typis Matthiae Wirzbistae, 1583.
Format: Kl.-4to (202 x 150 mm). With a title woodcut. 3 pages.
Binding: contemporary binding.
Ex Libris: EX BIBLIOTHECA GUTEKUNST 8207.
The book Sarmatiae Europeae descriptio, quae Regnum Poloniae, Lituaniam, Samogitiam, Russiam, Masoviam, Prussiam, Pomeraniam... complectitur, usually translated as "A Description of Sarmatian Europe", which contained descriptions of the countries of Eastern Europe (history, geography, religion, traditions, etc.) in Latin.The chronicle included portraits of Lithuanian dukes for the first time. Despite the images being purely fictional and having nothing to do with actual dukes, anachronistic clothes and weapons, and that some of the images illustrated multiple people, the portraits highly influenced future depictions of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania. To this day they remain the most popular portraits used in many history books. Copies of the book are preserved, among other places, in the Vilnius University Library and in the Francis Skaryna Belarusian Library and Museum in London.
Reference: Alessandro Guagnini. - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.